Transpersonal Tidbits: a simple Spiritual Development Indicator – by Frances Vaughan, Ph.D. |

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February 28 by The Running Son


Spiritual Development:

Outcomes and Indicators

by Frances Vaughan, Ph.D.Aug. 1998

Visit the Council on Spiritual Practices site:

Copyright © 1998 by Frances Vaughan. All rights reserved. Used by the Council on Spiritual Practices with permission.

[Source: ]

Spiritual Development

  • Stages of spiritual development
    • Traditional
      • Christian – Fowler’s six stages of faith
      • Buddhist – Ten ox-herding pictures
      • Hindu – seven chakras
      • Sufi – seven levels of self
    • Psychological
      • Egocentric
      • Sociocentric
      • Worldcentric
      • Transpersonal
  • Markers
    • Presence
      • Self-awareness
      • awareness of others
      • awareness of relationships
      • authenticity
    • Emotional transformation
      • Compassion replacing judgment
      • Forgiveness replacing anger
      • Expanding circle of empathic identification
    • Motivation
        inner peace: from fear to love

      • cultivation of wisdom: from ignorance to understanding
      • liberation: from bondage to freedom
    • Process
      • belief-faith-experience-identification
      • effort and surrender
      • attention and intention
        • setting a sacred intention
        • self-improvement and self-acceptance
      • from mystical experience to becoming a mystic
    • Purpose
      • relieve suffering
      • awaken new perceptions of reality
      • self-realization and self-transcendence
      • enlightenment
      • connecting life of mind and spirit with action in the world
  • Evolution
    • The spiritual path – aspiring to enlightenment
  • Involution
    • Experience-gnosis-manifestation-transmission


For further reading on topics outlined above see:

Vaughan, F. Shadows of the Sacred: Seeing Through Spiritual Illusions. Wheaton, Ill.: Quest Books, 1995. Also Author’s Guild Back-in-Print series,

Vaughan, F. The Inward Arc: Healing in Psychotherapy and Spirituality. 2nd edition. Nevada City, CA.: Blue Dolphin, 1995 Also Author’s Guild Back-in-Print series,




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